words used for Nikah

Shortened Question:

Do the following statements constitute nikāh?

Question:

AssalamuAlaykum. I need an answer to the following question urgenty if possible. If a boy proposes for a girl after he cums and sees her and she accepts and her parents as well as his are present. wud this be considered as nikaah? (if the requisites of nikaah is ijaab and qabool which has taken place in this situation). Jazakallah Khayr

The boy says: (with his parent as his representative, parent actually doing the talking). E.g. Muhammad would like to marry Fatima. The girl parent replies, she says yes.

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The statements of the boy and girl in reference will not constitute nikāh. The words “would like to” and the reply “yes” imply willingness and desire to marry and not the initiation of nikāh[1].

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

 

References

[1] وينعقد بلفظين يعبّر بأحدهما عن الماضي وبالآخر عن المستقبل مثل أن يقول: زوّجني، فيقول: زوّجتك

[Al-Hidayah ma`a Al-Inaayah, 2: 213, Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut; Al-Kitab ma`a al-Lubab, 4: 5-6, Dar al-Bash`ir al-Islamiyyah & Dar al-Siraj]

وشرطه الخاصّ حضور شاهدَين لا ينعقد إلا به ... وركنه الإيجاب والقبول كما في سائر العقود، والإيجاب هو المتلفَّظ به أوّلا من أيّ جانب كان والقبول جوابه

[Al-Inaayah Sharh al-Hidayah, 2: 212, Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut]

ولا ينعقد نكاح المسلمين إلا بحضور شاهدَين حُرّين، بالغَين، عاقلَين، مسلمَين، رجلَين، أو رجل وامرأتين عدولا كانوا أو غيرَ عدولٍ، محدودين في قذف أو غيرَ محدودِين

[Al-Kitab ma`a al-Lubab, 4: 6-7, Dar al-Bash`ir al-Islamiyyah & Dar al-Siraj; Bada`I as-Sanā`I fi Tartib as-Sharā`I, 3: 394, Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut; ad-Durr al-Mukhtar ma`a Radd al-Muhtar, 3: 21-22, H.M. Saeed Company]

[Fatāwa Mahmūdiyyah, 10: 496 & 617-8, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Faruqiyyah, Karachi]

ويندب إعلانه وتقديم خطبة وكونه في مسجد يوم الجمعة

[Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar ma`a Radd al-Muhtar, 3: 8, H.M. Saeed Company]

[Fatāwa Mahmūdiyyah, 10: 590, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Faruqiyyah, Karachi]

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Posted in Nikah & Talaq (Marriage & Divorce) on 3rd Mar 2016 by Our Imam | 740 Views