Niyyat of Imam

Shortened Question:

What intention should the Imam make when leading Salah?

Question:

Salam. I have started praying Salah. Unfortunately, I pray Salah at home because the Masjid is quite far from my house. Me and my dad have been praying Salah in Jama`at rather than individually so I wanted to know what Niyyat does the one leading the Salah (Imam) make, Can you please advise. JazakAllah. May Allah bless you and reward you for your efforts. Ameen

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

We are very pleased to hear that you began performing salaah at home with congregation. With a little more courage, Insha’Allah you will be able to perform salaah in the Masjid. Ameen.

If one of you (your father or yourself ) is an Imam, make niyyah (intention) of being the Imam[1]; and the muqtadi (follower) must make niyyah of following the Imam.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

 

References

[1] فإن كان منفردا أو إماما فإن كان يصلي التطوع ينوي أصل الصلاة وإن كان يصلي الفرض ينبغي أن ينوي فرض الوقت أو ظهر الوقت ولا يكفيه نية مطلق الصلاة لأن الفرائض من الصلوات مشروعة في الوقت فلا بد من التعيين

[Tuhfat al-Fuqaha, 1: 125]

[Al-Ashbah wa an-Naza`ir ma`a Sharh Hamawi, 1: 72 – 73, Idarah al-Qur`an wa al-Uloom al-Islamiyyah, Karachi]

ولا يحتاج إلى نية الإمامة؛ لأن الأداء لا يختلف عليه إلا في حق النساء، فإنه لا يصير إماماً لهن إلا بالنية: وإن كان مقتدياً لا تكفيه نية الفرض والتعيين حتى ينوي الاقتداء؛ لأن الأداء مقتدياً يخالف الأداء منفرداً،

[Al-Muhit al-Burhani, 1: 404]

و الخامس النية بالاجماع و هي الارادة لا مطلق العلم و المعتبر فيها عمل القلب اللازم للارادة

[Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar ma`a Radd al-Muhtar, 1: 414-5, H. M. Saeed Company]

و التلفظ بها مستحب هو المختار

[Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar ma`a Radd al-Muhtar, 1: 417, H. M. Saeed Company]

 

DISCLAIMER:
The Ask Our Imam site hopes to respond to queries relating to Islamic law. It is not an Islamic Law Shari`ah Court. The questions and answers found on this website are for educational purposes. However, many of the rulings rendered here are distinct to the specific scenario and thus should be read in conjunction with the question and not taken as a basis to establish a verdict in another situation or environment. This site bears no responsibility in these responses being used out of their intended context, nor to any party who may or may not follow the responses given and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused. None of the responses rendered may be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Our Imam. Any reference to another website or link provided in our responses or article should not be taken as an endorsement of all the content on that website; in fact, it is restricted to the particular material being cited.

Posted in Salaah (Prayer) on 17th Jan 2016 by Our Imam | 3373 Views