I made an intention of fasts but failed to keep them. Is there qadha?

Question:

If I make niyyah to keep Shawwal fasts but i cant keep them due to illness, do I need to make qadha for them?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If you had simply expressed an interest in keeping the Shawwal fasts but did not make an intention on the day, then there is no Qadha due upon you.[1] However, if you broke a fast [other than a fardh fast in Ramadhan] having started it, then one qadha will be due.[2]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abubakr Seedat

Concurred by:

Hanif Patel

Mu‘adh Chati

Asmar Akram

Approved by:

Mufti Siraj Sitponi Falahi

References

 

[1] Aap ke Masaail aur un ka Hal, vol. 3, pg. 298-299, Maktabah Ludhyanwi

[2] ولا تبطلوا أعمالكم [Qur'an, 47:33]

Ma'ariful Qur'an,(Mufti Muhammad Shafi Saheb رحمة الله عليه,) vol. 8, Pg. 47-48, Maktabah Ma'ariful Qur'an Karachi.

وأما حكم فساد الصوم : ففساد الصوم يتعلق به أحكام بعضها يعم الصيامات كلها ، وبعضها يخص البعض دون البعض ، أما الذي يعم الكل : فالإثم إذا أفسد بغير عذر لأنه أبطل عمله من غير عذر وإبطال العمل من غير عذر حرام ، لقوله تعالى { : ولا تبطلوا أعمالكم } وقال الشافعي : كذلك إلا في صوم التطوع بناء على أن الشروع في التطوع موجب للإتمام عندنا ، وعنده ليس بموجب

[Badaa'i Us Sanaa'ia, 2:606, Darul Kutub ul Ilmiyyah]

(و من دخل في صلوة التطوع)

يعني شرع فيها (أو في صوم التطوع) اي شرع في صوم التطوع

(ثم أفسده قضاه)

[Al Binayah fi Sharhil Hidayah, 4:345, Al Maktabah Al Haqqaniyyah]

إذا أكل الصاءم أو شرب أو جامع ناسيا لم يفطر و لا فرق بين الفريضة والنفل كذا في الهداية و ان تمضمض أو استنشق فدخل الماء جوفه إن كان ذاكرا لصومه فسد صومه و عليه القضاء

[Al Fatawa Al Hindiyyah, 1:222, Darul ul Kutub ul Ilmiyyah]

قوله(و للمتطوع بغير عذر في رواية و يقضى) اي له الفطر لعذر و بغيره ، و اذا افطر قضى إن كان نفلا قصديا

[Al Bahrur Raa'iq Sharhu Kanzid Daqaaiq, 2:502, Maktabah Rashidiyyah]

Fatawa Darul Uloom Zakariyya, vol. 3, Pg. 319, Zamzam Publishers.

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Posted in Sawm & Ramadhaan (Fasting) on 26th Aug 2020 by Our Imam | 119 Views