Method of Da‘wah – from The Qur`an

There are 3 fundamental beliefs emphasised in The Qur`an to which it calls humanity: 1. Oneness of Allah (Tawhid); 2. Messengership of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) (Risalah); 3. and Hereafter (Akhirah).    

These are some relevant verses from the Qur`an in relation to etiquette of such discourse:

“Call to the path of your Lord with wisdom and good advice; and debate with them in the best way …” [16: 125]

“And do not debate with the people of the book but in the best manner …” [29: 46]

Musa AS and Harun AS were instructed when told to invite Pharaoh to Allah, “And speak with him in a gentle manner so that perhaps he may come to himself or have fear (of Allah).” [20: 44]

• “[O Prophet] Say, “This is my way; I invite to Allah with insight, I and those who follow me …” [12: 108]

In order to prove these three beliefs, the Qur`an has presented different kinds of explanations. Some of these arguments include:

1. Recorded Arguments (to cite an authority that his opponents also respect). To prove the messengership of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), Allah states: “And surely he is [mentioned] in the scriptures of the ancients.” [26: 196]

2. Logical Arguments (to use a logical and rational manner)

• Proximate hypothesis

Example: “Why not, We are able to restore his very fingertips.” [75: 4]

• Exceptional hypothesis

Example: “If there were in them (the heaven and the earth) other Gods besides Allah; certainly, they would both go to ruin.” [21: 22]

• Probing (as –sabr wa at-taqsim)

Example: “And of the camels, two and of the cattle, two. Say, “Is it the two males He has forbidden or the two females or that which the wombs of the two females contain? Or were you witnesses when Allah charged you with this? Then who is more unjust than one who invents a lie about Allah to mislead the people by [something] other than knowledge? Indeed, Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.” [6: 144]

Acceptance

Example: “And had We made an angel [our messenger], We would surely have made him as a man.” [6: 9]

Diversion

Example: Ibrahim AS: “My Lord is the One who gives life and causes death.” Nimrud: “I also give life and cause death.” Ibrahim AS replied: “Surely, Allah brings the sun from the east so you bring it from the west.” This `diversion` silences Nimrud, “Thereupon he who disbelieved was confounded.” [2: 258]

3. Observational Arguments (to show such evidences as to persuade his opponent to draw the same conclusion as he has drawn for himself.)

Example: “[More precisely], is He [not best] who created the heavens and the earth and sent down for you rain from the sky, causing to grow thereby gardens of joyful beauty which you could not [otherwise] have grown the trees thereof? Is there a deity with Allah? [No], but they are a people who ascribe equals [to Him]. Is He [not best] who made the earth a stable ground and placed within it rivers and made for it firmly set mountains and placed between the two seas a barrier? Is there a deity with Allah? [No], but most of them do not know. Is He [not best] who responds to the desperate one when he calls upon Him and removes evil and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there a deity with Allah? Little do you remember! Is He [not best] who guides you through the darknesses of the land and sea and who sends the winds as good tidings before His mercy? Is there a deity with Allah? High is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. Is He who begins creation and then repeats it and who provides for you from the heaven and earth? Is there a deity with Allah? Say, “Produce your proof, if you should be truthful.” [27: 60-64]

“Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and adorned it, and there are no rifts in it? And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants). An insight and a Reminder for every slave turning to Allah (i.e. the one who believes in Allah and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon). And We send down blessed water (rain) from the sky, then We produce therewith gardens and grain (every kind of harvests) that are reaped. And tall date-palms, with ranged clusters; A provision for (Allah’s) slaves. And We give life therewith to a dead land. Thus will be the resurrection (of the dead).” [50: 6-11]

4. Experimental Arguments (to draw one`s attention towards previous experiences of past nations and show that people succeeded or failed depending on whether they heed the advice or not).

Example: “Have they not travelled through the earth and observed how was the end of those before them? They were greater than them in power, and they ploughed the earth and built it up more than they have built it up, and their messengers came to them with clear evidences. And Allah would not ever have wronged them, but they were wronging themselves.” [30: 9]

Example: “And how many a city have We destroyed that was insolent in its [way of] living, and those are their dwellings which have not been inhabited after them except briefly. And it is We who were the inheritors.” [28: 58]

DISCLAIMER:
The Ask Our Imam site hopes to respond to queries relating to Islamic law. It is not an Islamic Law Shari`ah Court. The questions and answers found on this website are for educational purposes. However, many of the rulings rendered here are distinct to the specific scenario and thus should be read in conjunction with the question and not taken as a basis to establish a verdict in another situation or environment. This site bears no responsibility in these responses being used out of their intended context, nor to any party who may or may not follow the responses given and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused. None of the responses rendered may be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of Our Imam. Any reference to another website or link provided in our responses or article should not be taken as an endorsement of all the content on that website; in fact, it is restricted to the particular material being cited.

Posted in General on 21st Jul 2020 by Our Imam | 59 Views