Foods & Drinks of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

To eat wholesome and pure is a religious obligation. It is not a duty to consume only that which was eaten by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him); but it is an expression of love to learn about the foods and the drinks he enjoyed and thereafter develop a liking for those things too. Anas RA says, “I continue to love gourd ever since I witnessed the prophet doing what he did (searching the dish for gourd, picking and eating it).

The table-spread of the Prophet PBUH was simple yet nourishing. In fact, there were times when no food was cooked at all in the house of the Prophet for weeks. He would remain content and never complain. Verily he was a perfect example for us.

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Here we find it important to note some etiquette of food and drink demonstrated and instructed to us by the Prophet PBUH himself:

  • Wash the hands before eating.
  • Mention the name of Allah (bismillah) before eating or drinking, or, if a person forgets, the supplication afterwards.
  • Use the right hand to eat or drink.
  • Do not blow into the vessel.
  • Eat with three fingers and drink in three sips.
  • “Eat what is in front of you.”
  • Ask the cook to join you in eating, or at least offer him to take some with him.
  • Do not eat separately. “Gather together at your food.”
  • Say alhamduillah while eating and drinking.
  • Do not eat to full. Fill one-third with food, and reserve the other for drink and the last third for breathing.
  • The Prophet PBUH “would never complain of any food. He used to eat it if he liked the food, and leave it if he disliked it”
  • Remove anything harmful from the morsel (if fallen) and eat it. Lick the fingers and wipe the dish after eating the food as “you do not know in what portion of your food the blessing lies”.
  • Recite the supplication for after drinking water, milk or eating food, praising The Almighty for “giving us food and drink, and making us Muslims”.

The following is a brief compilation of the eating and drinking habits of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH.

  • Condiments

The preferred meals of the Prophet PBUH included Tharid (broth containing pieces of bread and meat) and Image result for tharidKhazir (prepared from barley-flour and meat soup). The Prophet also liked a meal of grounded barley in a pot, with some olive oil, crushed pepper and spices poured on top

  • Meat

The Prophet PBUH consumed various types of meat and parts of the animal, including: the roasted side, the shoulder, boneless meat, liver, bone broth and the foreleg. He also consumed roasted meat and roasted mutton as well as normal mutton. The Prophet is also reported to have instructed to increase the soup with the meat.Related image

The various animals consumed by the Prophet PBUH include: she-goat, mountain goat, sheep, camel and cow.

  • Poultry

The poultry consumed by the Prophet PBUH included: cock or hen, Image result for cooked poultrychicken, bustard (or a ruddy goose or quail) and rabbit.

  • Seafood

Image result for seafood cooked sperm whaleThe seafood consumed by the Prophet PBUH was fish (anbar).

  • Bread

Image result for gourd and pumpkinImage result for gourd Image result for haleemImage result for vinegar and olive oilImage result for datesImage result for cooked barley bread


The Prophet PBUH mostly consumed barley bread. It was less common to consume wheat bread. He would occasionally combine barley bread with any of the following: meat, soup, gourd, pumpkin, vinegar, olive oil and dates.

  • Sweets

The Prophet PBUH loved his sweets. He is reported to have consumed: Image result for khajoor halwahalwa (it is either a reference to any sweet item or a particular type of dessert made from dates and milk, or flour, honey and butter (khabis)); hais (prepared from dates, butter and cheese/flour); saweeq (wheat or barley which is fried and then ground,Image result for talbinah and to which fat and honey is then added); and talbinah (a mixture of barley flour, milk and honey).

  • Fruits

The fruits enjoyed by the Prophet PBUH include: cucumber (with dates or salt), raisins, mulberry, kabath (from the plant Arak (toothbrush tree)), muskmelon, pomegranate, grapes, quince and dates.

Image result for kabathImage result for muskmelonImage result for mulberryImage result for pomegranateImage result for quinceImage result for cucumberImage result for raisins


These dates included dry dates and fresh, ripe dates. He would occasionally combine any of the following with dates: cucumber, fresh butter, non-clarified butter, clarified butter (ghee), cheese, melon, watermelon, barley bread and, in general, food. He had also consumed dates cooked with flour. He would sometimes eat the dates with a beverage including milk and water.

  • Sides & Beverages

The sides on the table-spread of the Prophet PBUH included vinegar, salt, olive oil, barley and barley bread.

The Prophet PBUH  loved cold and sweet drinks (this can either mean Image result for nabidhnatural sweet water, or which has been mixed with honey or in which dates were soaked). He loved to consume cold water and zamzam water. He would occasionally sweeten and flavour the Image result for honeywater by soaking any of the following in the water:  dates (also known as nabidh), dried dates and raisins, ground barley, and honey. He would either consume pure honey only or that mixed with milk or water.

  • Vegetables

The vegetables consumed by the Prophet PBUH included: yam, gourd, pumpkin, beet (mixed with barley flour, pepper, olive oil and spices), beetroot, truffles, turmeric root (arwi) and roasted onions.

Image result for yamImage result for beetrootImage result for arwiImage result for trufflesImage result for roasted onionsRelated image




  • Dairy

The dairy products consumed by the Prophet PBUH included: milk, butter (clarified and non-clarified), cheese, cottage cheese and dried yoghurt.

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Posted in General on 9th Jan 2017 by Our Imam | 11244 Views