what is the ruling on Talaq Ba’in?

Shortened Question:

Can more than one Talaq-e-Ba`in be given at one time?

Question:

As-Salamu Alaykum Mufti, I have one more question on Talaq-e-Ba`in. If husband issues more than one Talaq-e-Ba`in on different occasions within the Iddah do all Talaq-e-Ba`ins count? If husband says Talaq-e-Bain in the same setting more than once do all count or just the first one?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If the husband utters any ambiguous (Kinayah) statements, such as “I have separated from you” and other statements recorded in the query, intending divorce, then one irrevocable divorce (Talāq Bā’in) will take place[1].

In both cases referred to in the question, if the husband issues more than one Talaq Ba`in using separate sentences either within the same setting or on different occasions within the iddah period, then only the first Talaq will fall and now the husband and wife will not remain in Nikah and thus all other subsequent Talaq Ba`in will be void[2]. However, the husband and wife thereafter may mutually agree to remarry each other within or after the Iddah period[3] if the husband did not issue two divorces previously.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

 

References

[1] [Al-Hidayah, 2: 373-44; Radd al-Muhtar ala ad-Durr al-Mukhtar, 2: 501-7; al-Fatawa al-Hindiyah, 1: 374]]

[2] لا يلحق البائن إن قال هذه الكلمة ثلاث مرات، بانت بلأولى ولم تقع الثانية والثالثة؛ لأن البائن

[Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar ma`a Radd al-Muhtar, 3: 308, H.M. Saeed Company; Maktabah Rashidiyah; al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah, 1: 377, Maktabah Rashidiyah; Tabyin al-Haqa`iq, 3: 84, Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah Beirut; Al-Bahr ar-Ra`iq, 3: 531, Maktabah Rashidiyyah]

[Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, 12: 492 & 6, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Faruqiyyah, Karachi]

[3] وينكح مبانته بما دون الثلاث في العدة وبعدها

[Al-Bahr ar-Ra`iq, 4: 94, Makatabah Rashidiyyah; Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, 12: 496, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Faruqiyyah, Karachi; Fatawa Dar al-Uloom Deoband, 9: 479, Dar al-Isha`at Karachi]

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Posted in Nikah & Talaq (Marriage & Divorce) on 17th Jan 2016 by Our Imam | 3949 Views