The Qur’an- The Final Revelation to Mankind

What is The Qur`an?

The literal meaning of Qur`an is `reading` or `recitation`, or `to collect`. The Noble Quran is a collection of all knowledge and of the fruits of the previous divine revelations; and it, also perhaps, refers to the collection of letters and words which form the divine written statements which are regularly recited. The Qur`an has numerous names and titles, such as, “The Noble”, “The Glorious”, “The Sublime”, “Full of wisdom”, “possessing eminence” and “containing remembrance”.

The Quran in its entirety comprises the speech of God which is a message of guidance for all of humanity. It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace and salutations be upon him) through the Angel Jibril (Gabriel). The Qur`an is the last of all revealed books. It was revealed in the Arabic language. God has promised to protect it from any changes or harm [15: 9]. The Noble Qur`an predominantly contains beliefs; legislation and narratives of previous messengers and happenings.

The Qur`an is one of the two sources which make the basis of Islam. The second source is the sunnah (way) of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Qur`an in its entirety comprises the speech of Allah The AlMighty; while, the sunnah was inspired by Allah; however, the actions and statements are from the Prophet himself. The Prophet (peace and salutations be upon him) said, “I have left among you two matters by holding fast to which, you shall not go astray: the book of Allah and the sunnah of His prophet.”

Composition

The Qur`an consists of 114 surats (chapters), over 6000 verses, about 80,000 words and about 323,000 letters. The longest surah is the 2nd surah and the shortest surah is the 108th surah in the Noble Qur`an. The Quran was later on divided into 30 parts which are known as juz. This division is not based on meaning but to simplify teaching The Qur`an especially to children.

Revelation

The revelation was in three phases. The Qur`an was initially recorded in al-lawh al-mahfuz (the Preserved Tablet – [Qur`an, 85:21-2]) after which it descended to al-bayt al-ma`mur (directly above the ka`bah in the first sky) on the Night of Power in the month of Ramadhan in its complete form [Qur`an, 2: 185; 44: 3 & 97: 1]. Then it was revealed upon, an-nabi` al-ummi, the unlettered Prophet (peace be upon him), through the medium of angel Gabriel gradually over a span of about 23 years [Qur`an, 26: 192-4]. Its mere recitation and even listening to it is a form of worship.

The first revelation of the Qur`an that the Prophet (peace be upon him) received was in the Cave Hira where the first few verses of surah al-`Alaq [96: 1-5] were revealed. He received the first revelation when he was 40 years old and the revelation completed when he was 63 years old. The final revelation was either [2: 281] or [5:4], “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”

Compilation

The Noble Qur`an was documented in book form and was transmitted to us in succession. During the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him), the words of the revelation were written down immediately as they were revealed on whatever the companions could find; however, it was not collected wholly in a book format. During the caliphate of Abu Bakr RA, after the loss of several companions who had memorised the Qur`an in the Battle of Yamamah and after the subsequent persistence from Umar, Zayd bin Thabit RA was chosen to collect the Qur`an into one manuscript. Zayd RA was able to successfully compile the first ever copy of the Quran while adhering to strict guidelines. During the caliphate of Uthman RA, the Islamic Empire grew and more people accepted Islam and many started to differ in their recitation. Hence, Uthman RA wanted to unite the Muslim nation and thus wrote to all provinces to destroy all other copies and use the official copies of the Qur`an prepared by four elected companions who used the master copy written during the time of Abu Bakr RA. Every mus`haf (written copy of the Qur`an) that we have today is written according to this mus`haf of Uthman RA.

Virtues

Consider the following statements of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him):

“The best of you is he who learns the Qur`an and teaches it.”

“Whoever recites a letter of the Qur`an, will receive one reward, and each reward is multiplied tenfold …”

“The one who recites the Qur`an proficiently will be with the noble, righteous angels, and the one who stutters through its recitation with difficulty [but he does not give up reciting], shall get two rewards.”

“The person who recites the Quran and practices on it, then on the day of Resurrection his parents will be made to wear a crown whose light will be better than the light of the sun if it were to be in the houses of this world. [If this is the reward for the person`s parents], Can you imagine what the reward will be for the person who practices on it?”

“The person who listens to a single verse of the Quran shall have a multiplied reward recorded in his favour. And if a person recites a single verse, it will be an illumination for him on the day of Resurrection.”

Etiquette

Note: The reciter of the Qur`an must be free from at least major impurity in order to recite the Qur`an and free from even minor impurity to touch the Quran. [56: 79]. One should recite the Qur`an with a beautiful, melodious voice with tartil (slow, fine tone) while pondering upon the meanings and realising that Allah The AlMighty is listening to his communication with Him.

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Posted in Uncategorised on 25th Feb 2016 by Our Imam | 866 Views